The evolution of the web: it was 1991 when Berners-Lee, CERN’s chief researcher, published the first website and since then the world has never been the same.
He developed the first program able to read the html code and protocols (http, ftp, ..) Nexus, the first browser followed by Safari (Mac) and Explorer (Windows). Thus the Web 1.0, the Internet of contents, began, where the websites on the net were simple static texts similar to the pages of a book or word sheets. They also contained images or videos, but the purpose of these pages was mere consulting, information, without interaction between user and content. The sites consisted of pages rich in hypertexts, pages containing links to other pages, which created a structure similar to a huge book.
It was the impossibility of the user to interact with the contents that led the researchers to look for an evolution: to make the web dynamic, allowing the user to interact with it. The transformation began with the possibility of inserting comments; later with the help of new programming languages (php) the first forums and the first blogs were created, giving life to the Web 1.5 network.
The web has thus increasingly pushed itself towards interactivity with the user, giving life to what is currently Web 2.0, or the dynamic web. For the first time, great importance was given to usability and the way we share content. But the web has not stopped evolving: today in fact we are already entering Web 3.0: the web of semantics and things, web of things.
There is talk of a single huge database, the web database, where all internet information will flow together to speed up searches and simplify data management. It will be an increasingly semantic network because everything will be linked to the keywords linked to the documents (documents, videos, images, sounds) and all the research will be linked to these words. But there are also those who, speaking of Web 3.0, hypothesize that they will move towards 3D, with a network no longer made up of pages, but real spaces in which to “move” to find what we are looking for: we speak of augmented reality that already has many applications.
So will this be the future of the web?